Nepravidelný menštruačný cyklus u dievčat

Mar 23, 2021

What is a nepravidelný menštruačný cyklus?

A nepravidelný menštruačný cyklus, also known as an irregular menstrual cycle, refers to a variation in the regular pattern and duration of a girl's menstrual periods. It is a common concern among young girls during their early stages of puberty.

Causes of nepravidelný menštruačný cyklus

The causes of nepravidelný menštruačný cyklus can vary and may include:

  • Hormonal imbalances: Fluctuations in hormone levels, such as estrogen and progesterone, can disrupt the normal menstrual cycle.
  • Puberty: During puberty, the body undergoes numerous changes, including the onset of menstruation. It takes time for the cycle to regulate itself.
  • Stress: High levels of stress can impact hormone production, leading to irregular periods.
  • Thyroid disorders: Certain thyroid conditions can affect the menstrual cycle.
  • Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS): PCOS is a common hormonal disorder that can cause irregular and infrequent periods.
  • Miscellaneous factors: Other factors such as excessive exercise, rapid weight loss or gain, certain medications, and underlying health conditions can also contribute to irregular periods.

Symptoms of nepravidelný menštruačný cyklus

The symptoms associated with a nepravidelný menštruačný cyklus may include:

  • Unpredictable periods: Menstrual cycles may occur at irregular intervals, making it difficult to predict when the next period will start.
  • Heavy or light bleeding: The flow of blood during menstruation can vary, with some periods being heavier or lighter than usual.
  • Prolonged or shortened periods: The duration of a menstrual period may be longer or shorter than the typical 4-7 days.
  • Missed periods: It is not uncommon for girls with an irregular cycle to experience missed periods.
  • Menstrual cramps: Some girls may experience severe menstrual cramps, while others may have minimal discomfort.
  • Other associated symptoms: Acne breakouts, mood swings, breast tenderness, and fatigue are some other symptoms that may accompany irregular periods.

Treatment options for nepravidelný menštruačný cyklus

When dealing with a nepravidelný menštruačný cyklus, it is important to consult a healthcare professional. They will be able to assess the underlying cause and recommend appropriate treatment options. The treatment may include:

  1. Lifestyle modifications: Making certain lifestyle changes such as managing stress, maintaining a healthy diet, and exercising regularly can help regulate the menstrual cycle.
  2. Hormonal therapy: In cases of hormone imbalances, the healthcare provider may prescribe hormonal contraceptives or other medications to restore hormonal balance.
  3. Management of underlying conditions: If an underlying condition like PCOS or a thyroid disorder is identified, targeted treatment for that condition may be recommended.
  4. Regular monitoring: Regular check-ups with the healthcare provider will help track the progress and effectiveness of the chosen treatment plan.


Nepravidelný menštruačný cyklus is a common concern among young girls, but it can be effectively managed with the right diagnosis and treatment. It is important to seek professional medical advice to ensure a healthy and well-regulated menstrual cycle. At Weissman Douglas M MD PA Facp, we specialize in providing comprehensive care for menstrual disorders. Visit our website to learn more about nepravidelný menštruačný cyklus u dievčat and available treatment options.

Mark Spanier
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Oct 5, 2023