Long Term Risks of Hysterectomy

Dec 18, 2023


A hysterectomy is a surgical procedure involving the removal of a woman's uterus. It is a common operation that can be performed for various reasons, including but not limited to, the treatment of uterine fibroids, endometriosis, adenomyosis, or certain types of cancer. While a hysterectomy can provide relief for many women, it is important to be aware of the potential long term risks associated with the procedure.

Understanding the Procedure

Before we delve into the long term risks, it is crucial to understand the different types of hysterectomies and the specific techniques used. There are three main types: total hysterectomy, partial hysterectomy, and radical hysterectomy.

A total hysterectomy refers to the complete removal of the uterus and cervix. In a partial hysterectomy, only the uterus is removed, while the cervix is preserved. A radical hysterectomy, on the other hand, involves the removal of the uterus, cervix, and surrounding tissue, typically in cases of gynecological cancer.

The Importance of Informed Consent

When considering a hysterectomy, it is essential to consult with a trusted and experienced Obstetrician & Gynecologist who specializes in the procedure. Dr. Seckin at drseckin.com is renowned for his expertise in this field. He can provide you with comprehensive information and ensure that you understand the potential long term risks before making an informed decision.

Potential Long Term Risks

Pelvic Organ Prolapse (POP)

Pelvic organ prolapse is a condition that may occur after a hysterectomy, especially if the supporting ligaments and tissues are weakened during the surgery. This condition causes the pelvic organs, such as the bladder, uterus, or rectum, to bulge or descend into the vaginal area. Symptoms may include pelvic pressure, urinary incontinence, and discomfort during sexual intercourse.

Hormonal Imbalance

Since a hysterectomy involves the removal of the uterus, there is a chance of hormonal imbalances occurring, particularly if the ovaries are also removed during the procedure. Hormonal imbalances can lead to various symptoms such as hot flashes, mood swings, and decreased libido. It is important to discuss the potential hormonal changes with your doctor to determine if hormone replacement therapy is necessary.

Urinary Problems

A hysterectomy can sometimes cause urinary problems due to damage to the surrounding structures during the surgery. These problems may include urinary incontinence, urinary tract infections (UTIs), and difficulty emptying the bladder. It is important to discuss any changes or issues related to urination with your healthcare provider.

Sexual Function

Some women may experience changes in sexual function or satisfaction after a hysterectomy. This can be due to physical changes in the pelvic area or psychological factors associated with the surgery. It is essential to have open and honest discussions with your partner and healthcare provider to address any concerns and explore potential solutions.

Cardiovascular Health

Research suggests that women who undergo a hysterectomy may be at a slightly higher risk of developing cardiovascular conditions, such as heart disease and stroke. This association may be influenced by hormonal changes and other factors. It is crucial to prioritize a healthy lifestyle, including regular exercise, a balanced diet, and routine check-ups with your healthcare provider.


While a hysterectomy can provide relief from certain gynecological conditions, it is essential to be aware of the potential long term risks associated with the procedure. By understanding these risks, consulting with a skilled Obstetrician & Gynecologist, and maintaining regular follow-up appointments, you can minimize and manage any potential complications. Remember, everyone's situation is unique, and if you have any concerns or questions, it is always best to seek personalized advice from a qualified medical professional.


  • Reference 1
  • Reference 2
  • Reference 3
long term risks of hysterectomy